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Alan Armstrong
Black Belt
Black Belt

Joined: 28 Feb 2016
Posts: 2146


PostPosted: Thu Jul 11, 2019 4:02 pm    Post subject: Jyut-Ping-Wing-Chun-Way Reply with quote


"Combining" Cantonese with Wing Chun is a good idea, as it will not only help in pronouncing techniques and movements, it will also be useful in understanding the concepts.

"Doing" so giving a real sense of connection towards becoming an effective Wing Chun master, that can not only walk the walk but can also talk the talk.

"Missing" out on learning Cantonese and focusing solely on the short term benefits of developing fighting skills, is similar to always staying in the shallow end of a swimming pool.

"Branching" out till eventually being able to learn in depth Wing Chun from Cantonese native speakers.

"Having" and showing a sincere interest in learning Cantonese, is also showing that Chinese culture has become a part of your martial art journey.

"Realising" that the Cantonese language is not as difficult as it might first otherwise seem, should be considered to be very helpful for those taking up the challenge to learn.

"Conversing" in Cantonese and practicing Wing Chun, is a rarity for none native speakers, as this is normally the way it is.

"Considering" that the Cantonese native speaker Sifu/teacher has learned Wing Chun and English, now teaching martial arts, making learning easier if the student also learns Cantonese.

"Being" 80 Million people "speaking" Cantonese, foreigners "wanting" to, or "having" to converse with them need a simple way of "achieving" this.

"Communicating" in Cantonese for none native speakers has been around for a long time, with ways towards "achieving" this, new systems of writing have been developed.

"Understanding" and "communicating" with Jyutping (words with a tone number) more so than with Pinyin (also having tone numbers) in this thread, due to not being able to type with Pinyin accents.

"Spellings" and "sounding" (Pinyin = Disambiguation, put together sounds; spelled-out sounds) are also written with the discretion of the user.

"Wording" in Cantonese with numbers (6 normally used with 3 more tones that are often times merged with the first 6, therefore theoretically there are 9 tones in all) attached are called ("Jyutping" = tone indicators) where pitches of tones are used to indicates different "meanings"

"Using" the wrong tone of a word when "talking" can change the "meaning, for example; Are you hungry?" to, Are you "having" dieheria?

"Introducing" "Jyupting" here at helpful introductory level only and not intended to "being" "anything "resembling" or considered to be official.

"Inspiring" other like wise martial artists to consider "learning" Cantonese is one of the reasons why this topic has been created.

"Taking" a course in Cantonese supersedes anything conveyed here.

"Having" said that, there are still many "interesting" and valuable items and concepts "being" explained here in, that have been learned and thought through, due to many years of personal experience.

"Jyutping" Is only one of a few "Cantonese Romanization Systems" in use today.
Developed by The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong Cantonese Romanization Scheme.LSHKC

"Jyutping" was developed to help "learning" Cantonese pronunciation by the use of the letters from the English alphabet to represent sounds spoken in Cantonese dialect.

"Handing" "relinquishing" "returning" Hong Kong back to mainland China, the Cantonese dialect is thought to be since then on the decline due to Mandarin speakers "migrating" and "moving" in to Cantonese "speaking" regions.

"Looking" in to the distant future, now more than ever that Cantonese continues and stays alive as it is the voice/terminology/dialect of Wing Chun.

"Exampling" "simplistically" with the (Jyut6 ping3 Tone scales) Cantonese word 'Si' each number represents a different tone, 1 being highest and 6 being lowest.

Si 1 = Poem
Si 2 = History
Si 3 = Test
Si 4 = Time
Si 5 = City
Si 6 = Matter or Thing

1, 9, 4, 0, 5, 6 are the six Cantonese numbers that correspond with the correct tone.

1. jat1
9. gau2
4. Sei3
0. ling4
5. m5
6. luk6

"Having" a good sense of humour is a must when "learning" the 9 Cantonese (pinyin) tones below.

saam1 (three)
wun2 (bowl)
sai3 (small)
ngau4 (beef)
naam5 (belly)
min6 (noodles)
jat7 (one)
baak8 (hundred)
dip9 (plate)

"100 plates of three small bowls of beef noodles"
saam1 wun2 sai3 ngau4 naam5 min6 jat7 baak8 dip9

"Ordering" this in a Chinese restaurant would be good for a laugh.

"Counting" in Cantonese with tone indicators:

0 - Zero = ling4
1 - One = jat1
2 - Two = ji6
3 - Three = saam3
4 - Four = sei3
5 - Five = ng5
6 - Six = luk6
7 - Seven = cat1
8 - Eight = baat3
9 - Nine = gau2
10 - Ten = sap6
Chinese Numbers = zung1 man4 sou3 zi6

"Counting" and "Numbering in "Wing" Chun terminology is inseparable.

"Speaking" in English, tones are attached to words to accentuate them, unlike Cantonese where the same word has different tones and each tone defines a word.

"Mixing" any type of English tone in to Cantonese is not advisable, better to adhere to the tone grammar rules instead, as this will make for a far greater impression.

"Differentiating" one word from another; where one word can have many different "meanings" "depending" on the tone used when spoken.

"Coinciding" with English where one word can also have many connotations, as in Cantonese the tone used play's an important part in adding a different meaning altogether.

"Talking" to those that speak Cantonese fluently will automatically pick up on tone discrepancies, as "making" mistakes and "learning" from them is how we progress through trial and error, till eventually success.

"Using" Jyut6 ping3 Tones and Pitches: 6 Tones: 1 Do. 2 Re. 3 Me. 4 Fa. 5 Sol. 6 La

"Refining" Tones with Pitches:

1 is highest pitch level and (same) flat 1 to 1 (Mandarin tone)
2 is mid and (full rising) to highest pitch level 3 to 1 (Mandarin tone) (Sound like being surprised)
3 is mid pitch level and (same) flat 3 to 3 (Cantonese tone)
4 is mid and pitch drops a little 4 to 5 (Sounds like a sigh)
5 is lowest pitch and (cut off rising) 5 to 3 (deeper pitch)
6 is low and pitch (same) flat 4 to 4 (Cantonese)

"Using" tone 2 and 5 both "being" "rising" tones "sounding" very similar is how foreigners hack the language, also by not "differentiating" tone 3 and 6, both "being" flat the difference is very minor.

"Having" three parts to a "Jyupting" for example:
The 'Initial' part one stand alone (for instance) w+
The 'final' part (for instance) ing+
The 'number' (from 1 to 6) 5

"Putting" all three parts put together makes a word w+ing+5 = wing5 = forever
Words can be made with out the first 'initial' and just use the final part with a number example: oi3 = love.

Sampling of "ing"(s) from the Cantonese alphabet system Jyutping that uses 6 tones (Pinyin however uses 9 tones)


Initial + final "ing"+ tone number:

bing1

ping1

ming1

fing 1

ding1

ting1

ning1

ling1

ging1

king1

hing1

gwing1

Example:

Wing1 = throw, hurl, abandon
Wing2
Wing3
Wing4 = honour, vanity, glory, thriving, honourable, salamander, turban shell
Wing5 = always, "everlasting", perpetual, eternal
Wing6 = water, "swimming" chant, in tone, sing, glum, tip, "outstanding", dive, swim

zing1

cing1

sing1

jing1

"Pronunciating" "ing" correctly is with a silent 'g' sounding with a long nasal 'inn'

Cantonese "having" many (Homophones) words that sound the same is where the 6 numbers "representing" a tones come in to use, as "adding" tones reduces the amount of Homophones needed.

"Using" a normal tone of voice:
1 "being" the high level tone of voice (sound sustained)
3 "being" the medium level tone of voice (sounds robotic)
6 "being" the low level deep tone of voice (sounds robotic)

2 "being" the medium "rising" tone (sounds like questioning)
4 "being" the low tone "falling" tone (sounds depressed or like a statement)
5 "being" the low tone "rising" (sounds sarcastic)

"Considering" by language researchers, there are 3 other Cantonese tones (similar to the flat tones but making them sound cut off or shorter in length) tones are final K.T.P ik, it, ip, with 3 options to be used, high (1) medium (3) low (6)
Where ip6 is used combined with y, as to make Yip6 Man6 or the 'Y' not being used and just the final 'Ip6'' is used; (Man6 = to ask)

More information on Catonese use of tones https://cantonese.ca/tones.php

Cantonese Alphabet:

INITIALS are at the front of the word: b p m f d t n l g k ng h gw kw w z c s j
FINALS are at the end of the word.

For Example "e'' being a final: be pe me fe de ne le ge ke he ze ce se je

Many finals can also be a word which have been added first to each list below.

This list is the complete (all Cantonese words) Jyutping Romanization alphabet and combined in to words, without tone number indicators:

i : mi di ti ni li wi zi ci si ji
ip : dip tip nip lip gip kip hip zip cip sip jip
it : bit pit mit dit tit nit lit git kit ngit hit zit cit sit jit
ik : bik pik mik dik tik nik lik gik gwik kwik wik zik cik sik jik
im : dim tim nim lim gim kim zim cim sim jim
in : bin pin min din tin nin lin gin kim hin zin cin sin jin
ing : bing ping ming fing ding ting ning ling ging king hing gwing wing zing cing sing jing
iu : biu piu miu diu tiu niu liu giu kiu hiu ziu ciu siu jiu
yu : zyu cyu syu jyu
yut : dyut tyut lyut gyut kyut zyut cyut syut jyut
yun : dyun tyun nyun lyun gyun kyun zyun cyun syun jyun
u : fu gu ku wu
ut : but put mut fut gut kut wut
uk: uk buk puk muk f u k duk tuk nuk luk guk kuk nguk huk zuk cuk s uk juk
un : bun pun mun fun gun wun
ung : ung bung pung mung fung dung tung nung lung gung kung ngung hung zung cung sung jung
ui : bui pui mui fui gui kui wui
e : e be pe me fe de ne le ge ke he ze ce se je
ep : gep
ek : bek pek dek tek lek kek hek zek cek sek
em : lem
eng : beng peng meng deng teng leng geng heng zeng ceng seng jeng
ei : ei bei pei mei fei dei nei lei gei zei hei sei
eu : deu
eot : deot neot leot
eon : deon teon leon zeon ceon seon jeon
eoi : deoi teoi neoi leoi geoi keoi heoi seoi jeoi
oe : doe toe goe hoe zoe
oek : doek loek goek koek zoek coek soek joek
oeng : doeng noeng loeng goeng koeng hoeng zoeng coeng soeng joeng
o : o bo po mo fo do to no lo go ko ngo ho gwo wo zo co so jo
ot : got hot
ok : ok bok pok mok fok dok tok nok lok gok kok ngok hok gwok kwok wok zok cok sok
on : on gon ngon hon
ong : ong bong pong mong fong dong tong nong long gong kong ngong hong gwong kwong wong zong cong song
oi : oi doi toi noi loi goi koi ngoi hoizoi coi soi
ou : ou bou pou mou dou tou nou lou gou ngou hou zou cou sou
ap : ap dap tap nap lap gap kap ngap hap zap cap sap jap
at : at bat pat mat fat dat tat nat lat gat kat ngat hat gwat wat zat cat sat jat
ak : ak bak pak mak dak lak gak kak ngak hak wak zak cak sak
am : am bam dam tam nam lam garm kam ngam ham zam cam sam jam
an : an ban pan man fan dan tan nan lan gan kan ngah han gwan kwan wan zan can san jan
ang : ang bang pang mang fang dang tang nang lang gang kang ngang hang gwang wang zang cang sang
ai : ai bai pai mai fai dai tai nai lai gai kai ngai hai gwai kwai wai zai cai sai jai
au : au bau pau mau fau dau tau nau lau gau kau ngau hau zau cau sau jau
aa : aa baa paa maa faa daa taa naa laa gaa kaa ngaa haa gwaa kwaa waa zaa caa saa jaa
aap : aap daap taap naap laap gaap kaap ngaap haap zaap caap saap
aat : aat baat paat maat faat taat naat laat gaat keet ngaat haat gwaat waat zaat caat saat
aak : aak baak paak maak faak daak laak gaak kaak ngaak haak gwaak waak zaak caak saak jaak
aam : aam daam taam naam laam gaam ngaam haam zaam caam saam
aan : aan baan paan maan faam daam taan naan laan gaan kaan ngaan haan qwaan kwaan waan zaam caan saam
aang aang baang paang maang laang gaang ngaang haang gwaang kwaang zaang caang saang
aai : aai baai paai maai faai daai taai naai laai gaai kaai ngaai haa1 gwaai kwaai waai zaai caai saai jaai
aau : aau baau paau maau naau gaau kaau ngaau haau zaau caau saau
m : m hm
ng : ng hng

Mastering one tone at a time; placing emphasis on the 1st tone indicator is a practical pragmatic approach, then continuing to 2nd tone and so on.

"Starting" off with listening to the first tones, of these words is a great beginning, the foundation to learning Cantonese https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/cantonese-alphabet

"Introducing"
Sentence Final Particles; SFP's
Added to the end of a sentence
The meaning of the sentence can be different
There are many SFP,s but here are just a few to illustrate how they work in a sentence
Example: hai6 nei5 = it's you/yours + sentence final particles

hai6 nei5 + aa3..........it's you! To tell news and to soften statements
hai6 nei5 + aa4..........it's you! Doesn't expect feeling a little disappointed
hai6 nei5 + me1.........it's you/yours? Bit surprised not sure
hai6 nei5 + ge2..........it's you? Suddenly shows up wants to know why sounding puzzled
hai6 nei5 + ne5..........it's you! Confirming that there is no mistake
hai6 nei5 + wo3.........it's you! Confirmation, can be interchangeable with ne5
hai6 nei5 + lo1...........it's yours! Replying it's yours and not others for obvious suggestions or conclusions
hai6 nei5 + lou3.........it's you! No one else's your turn "Next!"
hai6 nei5 + gaa4........it's yours? Thought it belonged to someone else
hai6 nei5 + laa1.........it's you! Discovering to be absolutely right, for requests and for not sounding rude
hai6 nei5 + gwaa3.....it's yours!  But not absolutely sure expressing doubt
hai6 nei5 + bo3........................it's yours! Evidence implies that it is
hai6 nei5 + gaa3 laa3...............it's you! Accept it and keep it as a matter of fact
hai6 nei5 + gaa3 zaa3..............it's only for you! Gift or service to express kindness
hai6 nei5 + laa3 gwaa3............it's yours? Alot more sure than not
hai6 nei5 + aa3 ho2..................it's yours? Asking for confirmation
hai6 nei5 + aa1 maa3...............it's yours? Sure that it is, but looking for a little more confirmation
hai6 nei5 + gaa3 laa1 maa3.....it's yours right? May take further action if not

For Emphasis = ge3
Particles ge3 comes first before other particles.

Contraction Of ge3 And aa3 = gaa3

For Downplaying The Importance Of A Situation, Only = ze1

For A Question = je4

Particles used in questions aa3, me1, ne1, maa3, always come last

Final Modal Particle
To Strengthen An Assertion Or Question = lai4 gaa2
To Remind, Inform, Suggest, Urge, Warn = lo3 bo3

More information on SFP's
http://www.cantonese.sheik.co.uk/essays/cantonese_particles.htm

Greetings And Expressions:

I (ask) a question = ngo5 (man6) man6 tai4
(I) enjoy (learning) Cantonese = (ngo5) zing1 ji3 (hok6) gwong2 dung1 waa2
(I) speak (Cantonese) = (ngo5) gong2 (gwong2 dung1 waa2)
I (learn) Wing Chun = ngo5 (hok6) wing6 ceon1

Do you speak English? = nei5 ho2 ji5 gong2 jing1 man4 maa1

I don't understand = ngo5 m4 ming4
Please speak more slowly = ho2 m4 ho2 ji5 gong2 maan6

Yes = hai6
No = m4 hai6
Yes you are right = ngaam1
No = bat1
Correct = jin4

I'm ...= ngo5 si6 (name)
I am ... = ngo5 hai6 ... (name or nationality)
I'm called ... = ngo5 giu3 (name)
My name is...= ngo5 go3 meng2 hai6...( name)

I come from... = ngo5 lei4 zi6 (country of origin)
I live in ... ngo5 Zyu6 hai6... (place)

I'm (age) years old = ngo5 (age) seoi3
I'm a (occupation) = ngo5 hai6 (occupation)

What's your name? = nei5 giu3 me1 meng2
Nice to meet you = hou2 gou1 hing3 jing6 sik1 nei5

Please/thank you/excuse me = m4 goi1 (regarding services or being polite)
Thank you = do1 ze6 (regarding gifts)

Please = cing2
Please forgive me = cing2 jyun4 loeng6

Your welcome = m4 sai2 haam3 hei2 (don't mention it)
How about you? = nei5 ne1

Excuse me = bat1 hou2 ji3 si1
Help = gau3 meng6

I see = ngo5 ming4 baak6 liu5
I don't know = ngo5 m4 zi1

I'm good = ngo5 han2 hou2
I'm sorry = deoi3 bat1 hei2

It's okay = hou2 dik1
No problem = mut6 man6 tai4
Don't worry = bit3 daam1 sam1

Okay? = le4 le5
Right? = le4 le5

Good luck = zuk1 hou2 wan6
Take care = ziu3 gu3 zi6 gei2

Cheers = gon1 bui1
Keep in touch = bou2 ci4 lyun4 lok3

Beautiful = piu3 loeng6
Cute = ho2 oi3

Really = zan1 dik1 maa1
Is That So = lo3 ho2

Awesome = hou2 gik6 liu5

I like it = ngo5 hei2 fun1
I don't like it = ngo5 bat1 hei2 fun1

Hello = haa1 lo3
Goodbye = baai1 baai6

How are you? = nei5 hou2 maa3
How are you lately = nei5 zeoi3 gan6 dim2 aa3 (What's up?)

Fine = han2 hou2
Okay = hou2 dik1

Right = ngaam1
Wrong = co3

Long time no see = hou2 noi6 mou5 gin3 (informal)
See you later = ci4 di1 gin3

Good morning = zau2 san4 (greetings before noon)
Good afternoon = ng5 on1
Good evening = maan5 on1
Good night = zau2 tau2 (before going to sleep)
Good night, sweet dreams = zou2 dau2, faat3 go3 hou2 mung6

There are plenty of Apps and Videos to practice coversational Cantonese with.

"Continuing " on to speaking Cantonese Wing Chun in class.

Introduction Terminology to:
Wing Chun = Beautiful Springtime

Wing Chun Kuen = wing6 ceon1 kyun4
A Southern Kung Fu System Of Martial Arts

Wing Chun Boxing = wing6 ceon1 kyun4
AKA, Spring Chant, Ving Tsun, Wing Tsun

Chinese Martial Arts = gwok3 seot6
Martial arts = mou5 seut9
Skill, Art, Labour, Effort = Kung Fu = gung1 fu1

Fighting Art = kyun4 seot6
System Of Fighting without weapons = kyun4 faat3

Ying = jam1
Female, Soft, Quite, Dark Ect

Yang = joeng4
Male, Hard, Loud, Bright, Etc

Yin(g) Yang = jam1 joeng4
Harmonious opposite pairs that are constantly changing

The Yin Yang School = jam1 joeng4 gaa1
The school of positive and negative forces, in the time of the warring states 475 221 BC

Little Idea Form = sui2 nim6 tau4
Bridging The Gap, Bridge Seeking Form = cam4 kiu4
Darting Fingers Form = biu zi2

Kata Routine Form = tou3 kyun4
Weapons Form = bing1 hei3 tou3 lou6

Mother Of All Stances
Chinese Character Two Goat Clamping Stance = ji6 zi6 kim4 joeng4 maa5
AKA, YGKYM = yi6 gi6 kim4 yoeng4 maa5

Style Founder = zou2 si1
Ng Mui = ng5 mui4

Grand Student = tou4 syun1
Yim Wing Chun = jim4 wing6 ceon1

Dedicated Followers = mun4 tou4
Grand Master = chung1 si1
Ip Man = ip6 man6

Teacher = si1 fu2
Student = dai6 zi2
Disciple = tou4 dai6

Knife = dou1
Butterfly Knives = baat3 zaam2 dou1
Eight Cutting Broadswords

Pole = gwan3
Six And A Half Point Pole = luk6 dim2 bun6 gwan3

Three Star Dummy = saam1 sing1 zong1
Wooden Man Dummy = muk6 jan4 zong1
Plum Blossom Posts = mui4 faa1 zong1

Punching Bag = saa1 baau1

One Inch Punch = cyun3 ging6

Anti Grappling = faan2 laap3

Chi Sau = ci1 sau2
Blind Fold Closed Eyes Chi Sau = bai3 muk6 ci1 sau2

Central Line = zung1 sin3
The Front Facing Up and Down Imaginary Line That Divides A Person In Half

Centre Line = zi2 ng5 sin3
Shortest Line Between Attacking Starting Point And Target Point

Chain Punches = lin4 waan4 kyun4
Chain Palm Strikes = lin4 waan4 zoeng2
Chain Kicks = lin4 waan4 goek3

Low Uppercut = cau1 zong6 kyun4
Low Punch = dai2 kyun4
Tiger Tail Punch = fu2 mei5 kyun4
Ginger Fist Punch = goeng1 zi2 kyun4
Phoenix Eye Punch = fung6 ngaan5 kyun4
Character Sun Punch = jat6 zi6 kyun4
Hook Punch = ngau1 kyun4
Ox Horn Punch = ngau4 gok3 kyun4
Slant Body Punch = pin1 san1 kyun4
Leopard Fist = paau3 kuen4
Dog Fist gau2 kyun4
Monkey Fist = hau4 kyun4
Eagle Claw = jing1 zaau2 paai3
Close The Hand In To A Fist = aak1 ak1
Buddha's Palm = fat6 sau2
Southern Fist= naam4 kyun4


Dispersing Hand = taan1 sau2
Controlling Hand = fuk6 sau2
Wing Arm = bong sau2
Protecting Hand = wu6 sau2
Pulling Hand = laai1 sau2
Darting Hand = biu1 sau2
Seeking Hand = man6 sau2
Detaining Hand = kau3 sau2
Sinking Hand = cam4 sau2
Cultivating Arm gaang1 sau2
Chocking Hand = zat6 sau2
Circling Hand = hyun1 sau2
Lifting Hand = tok3 sau2
Barring Arm = laan4 sau
Uplifting Hand = tai4 sau2
Pressing Hand = gam6 sau2
Receiving Hand = zip3 sau2

Single Long Bridge Palm = coeng4 kiu4 zoung2
Drills as the stance turns contacting with the little finger side up
AKA cheung Kiu jeung

Single Low Palm strike = dai2 zoeng2
A low knife edge palm strike contacting with the little finger side palm up
AKA dai jeung

Single Uplifting Hand = faan2 zoeng2
Straight palm strike fingers pointing down also lower part of po pai jueng
AKA fan jeung

Single Back Palm = jyun5 zoeng2
Back of hand strike
AKA yuen jeung

Single Breaking Shoulder Palm = po3 bok3 zoeng2
Palm strike to the shoulder crossing the line
AKA por bok jueng

Single Straight Vertical Palm Strike = pok3 min6 zoeng2
Straight palm strike fingers pointing up
AKA ching jeung

Single Push Out Palm = tok3 soi1 zoeng2 = waang4 zoeng2 = zung1 zoeng2
Straight Palm Strike Up To Chin Or Jaw
AKA wang jeung

Double Palm Strike = pou5 paai4 zoeng2
Combination upper ching juern and lower fan jeung
Butterfly palm strike
AkA po pai jueng = po wai jeung

Double Low Side Palm = soeng1 dai2 zoeng2
Horizontal side palms
AKA sheung dai jeung

Double Pushing Palms = soeng1 teoi1 zoeng2
Straight palms strike fingers pointing up
AKA sheung tui jeung

Double Jaw Strike = soeng1 tok3 soi1
Straight palms to the jaw
AKA sheung wang jeung

Double Elbow Lifting = soeng1 tok3 zaang1
Lifting elbows straight up
AkA sheung tok jam

Double Palm Strike = dip6 zoeng2
Combined wang jeung and fak sau
AKA po wai jeung

Double Shooting Fingers = soeng1 biu1 sau2
Double Wing Low Arm = soeng1 dai1 bong2
Double Circling Hands = Soeng1 hyun1 sau2
Double Barring Arms = soeng1 laan4 sau2
Double Grabbing Hands = soeng1 laap3 sau2
Double Dispersing Hands = soeng1 taan1 sau2
Double Sinking Hands = soeng1 zam2 sau2
Double Jerking Hands = soeng1 zat6 sau2

Simultaneous Cultivating Low Arm And Strike = gaang1 daa2
Simultaneous Detaining Hand And Strike = kau3 daa2
Simultaneous Barring Arm And Strike = laan4 daa2
Simultaneous Grabbing Hand Control And Strike = laap3 daa2
Simultaneous Dispersing Hand And Strike = taan1 daa2
Simultaneous Pressing Hand And Strike = gam6 daa2

Simultaneous Sinking Bridge And Front Thrusting Kick = cyun1 kiu4 caang1 goek3
Simultaneous Cultivating Arms And Sweeping Kick = gaang1 sau2 sou3 goek3
Simultaneous Circling Hand And Snapping Up Kick = hyun1 sau2 tiu1 goek3
Simultaneous Bundling Hands And Side Trampling Kick = kwan2 sau2 caai2 goek3
Simultaneous Bundling Hands And Side Thrusting Kick = kwan sau2 waang4 caang1 goek3
Simultaneous Bundling Hands And Side Nailing Kick = kwan2 sau2 waang4 deng1 goek3
Simultaneous Grabbing And Stiking With Slanting Kick = laap3 daa2 bun3 yut6 goek3
Simultaneous Slapping Hand Strike And Detaining Kick = paak3 daa2 kau3 goek3
Simultaneous Slapping Hand Strike And Knee Stomping Kick = paak3 sau2 caai2 sat1
Simultaneous Slapping Hand Strike And Dispersing Hand With Slanting Kick = paak3 taan1 bun3 jyut6 goek3
Simultaneous Double Grabbing Hand And Sweeping Kick = soeng1 laap3 sou3 goek3
Simultaneous Double Grabbing Hands And Sweeping Kick = soeng1 laap3 sou3 goek3
Simultaneous Dispersing Hand And Slanting Kick = taan1 daa2 bun3 yut6 goek3
Simultaneous Dispersing Hand And Thrusting Kick = taan1 daa2 caang3 goek3
Simultaneous Dispersing Hand And Low Thrusting Kick = taan1 daa2 dai1 caang3 goek3
Simultaneous Lifting Hand And Front Thrusting Kick = tok3 sau2 caang3 goek3
Simultaneous Jerking Hand And Snapping Up Kick = zat6 sau2 tiu1 goek3

Wing Chun Terminology TBC

Attacking-Using-Protecting-Targetting:
Body Parts - san1 bou6 ban1
Whole Body - zau1 san1

Abdomen - fuk1 bou6
Adam's apple - hau4 git3
Ankle - goek3 zaang1 / geuk3 jaang1
Arm - sau2 bei3 / sau gwaa2
Arm upper part - sau2 bei3
Arm upper / shoulder - bong2
Armpit waist area - siu2 jim2
Artery - dung6 mak6
Back - bui3 zik3 tung3 / hau6 min6
Belly - tou5 / to4 laam4
Belly button - tou5 ci4
Beard - wu1 siu3 / wu4 zi2
Blood - hyut3 jik6
Body - san1 tai2
Bum - tyun4 bou6
Brain - daai6 nou5 / yan4 nou5
Breast - jyu5 fong4
Cheek - min6 zyu1
Chest - hung1 bou6 / sam1 hau2
Chin - ha6 ba1
Ear - ji5 / yi4 jai2
Ear inner - noi6 ji5
Elbow - sau2 sau2 / sau1 zaang1 /sau2 joang1
Eye - ngaan5
Eyeball - ngaan4 jai2
Eye pupil - zing1
Eyebrow - ngaan4
Eyelash - ngaan4 zit6 mou4
Face - lim5
Finger - sau2 zi2 / sau2 ji2
Finger pinky - sau2 ji2 mei1 / mei5 zi2
Finger middle - zung1 zi2
Finger ring - mou4 ming4 zi2
Finger nail - sau2 ji2 gaap3
Finger index - sik6 zi2
Foot / Feet - Zuk1 / goek3 / geuk3 baan2
Forehead - ngaak6 tau4
Forearm - chin6 bei3
Fist - kuen6 tau6
Groin - fuk1 gu2 kau1
Gums of teeth - ngan4
Hair - tau4
Heart - sam1 zong6
Hips - gu2 / fun1 gwaan1 zit3
Joint - gaau3 haau1
Knee - sat1 tau6 goh1 / sat1 tau4
Knuckle - zi1 gwaan1 zit3
Kidneys - san6 san5
Leg - goek3 / geuk3 / teoi2
Lips - zeoi2 seon4
Liver - gon1
Lung - fai3
Mouth - hau2
Muscle - gei1 juk6
Nail - zi2 gaap3
Neck - geng2 bou6
Nose - bei6
Nostril - bei6 go1 lung4
Palm - sau2 zoeng2 / sau baan2
Pectoral muscles- hung1 gei1
Ribs - paai4 gwat / peng1 gwat1
Shoulder - bok3 tau4
Skin - pei4 fu1
Skull - tau4 hok3
Spine - zek3
Stomach - wai6
Temple - wan4 zeng1
Thigh - daai6 teoi2 / daai6 bei2
Throat - hau4 lung4 / hau6 lung6
Thumb - sau2 ji2 gon2
Toe - goek3 zi2
Tongue - lei6 / lei5
Tooth / Teeth - nga4 ci2
Waist - jiu1 / yiu1
Wrist - wun2 / sau2 woon2

Expressing feelings and emotions:

Angry = nau1
Anxious = bat1 on1
Bored = mun6
Calm = laang5 zing6
Cry = haam3
Discouraged = fui1 sam1
Embarrassed = lo3
Energetic = zing1 san4
Excited = hing1 fan1
Fear = hoi6 paa3
Frightened = geng1
Happy = hoi1 sam1
Guilty = ngaau4
Heartbroken = sam1 tung3
Hurt = soeng1 sam1
Laugh = siu3
Lonely = zik6 mok6
Love = oi3
Miserable = cai1 loeng4
Nervous = gan2 zoeng1
Proud = zi6 hou4
Relaxed = fong3 sung1
Sad = soeng1 sam1
Satisfied = mun5 ji3
Scared = hoi6 paa3
Shocked = ging1 ngaa6
Surprised = ging1 hei2
Sleepy = ngaan5 fan3
Tired = gui6
Unsatisfied = bat1 mun5 ji3
Upset = sam1 faan4 ji3 lyun6
Worried = daam1 sam1
Wretched = hou2 caam1
m4 = not. Example: not angry = m4 nau1

Sashes are awarded to students as they progress in Wing Chun, however each organisation has their own individual colour ranking system:

Colour = ngaan4 sik1
White = baak6 sik1
Yellow = wong4 sik1
Orange = caang4 sik1
Red = hung sik1
Green = luk6 sik1
Blue = laam4 sik1
Purple = zi2 sik1
Brown = fe1 sik1
Black = haak1 sik1
Grey = fui1 sik1
Beige = mai5 sik1
Pink = fan2 hung4 sik1
Peach = tou4 sik1
Indigo = laam4 din6
Silver = ngan2
Gold = gam1 sik1
Bright = gwong1 loeng6
Dark = sam1
Light = cin2

Useful Common Commands Requests Actions And Descriptions:

Hard = ngaang6
Soft = jyun5

Behind = hau6 min6
Front = cin4 min4

Big = daai6
Small = sai3

Correct = zing3 kok3
Incorrect = co3 ng6

True = zan1
False = co3

Down = haa6
Up = soeng6

Lose = syu1
Win = jeng4

Heavy = cung5
Light = cin2

Narrow = zaak3
Wide = fut3

Long = coeng4
Short = dyun2

Come = loi4
Go = heoi3

Round = jyun4
Square = fong1

Relax = fong3 sung1
Rest = jau1 sik1
Work = gung1 zok3

Here = ze2 leoi5
There = naa5 leoi5

Give = kap1
Take = naa4

See = hon3
Hear = teng1

Buddhism = fat6 gaau3
Taoism = dou6 gaau3

Athlete = wan6 dung6 jyun4
Attend = ceot1 zik6
Believe = soeng1 seon3
Bridge = kiu4
Can = nang4
Ceremony = ji4 sik1
Competition = ging3 coi3
Coarse = cou1 cou3
Dense = mat6
English = jing1 jyu5
Exercise = wan6 dung6
Festival = zit3 jat6
Do = zou6
Enter = jap6
Explain = gaai2 sik1
Feel = gam2 gok3
Find = zaau2
Floor = dei6
Help = bong1
Joke = hoi1 wun6 siu3
Language = jyu5 jin4
Learn = hok6
Lesson = fo3
Lecture = fan3
Make = zou6
Miss = co3 gwo3
Move = dung6
Need = seoi1 jiu3
Plan = gai3 waak6
Priest = muk6 si1
Promotion = zeong3 sing1
Put = fong3
Question = man6 tai4
Read = duk6
Receive sau1
Respect = zyun1 zung6
Repeat = cung4 fook1
Return = wui4 gaa1
Say = syut3
Search = sau2 cam4
Shower = muk6 juk6
Stand = zaam6
Study = duk6 syu1
Talk = syut3
Temple = miu2
Thank = gam2 ze6
Tradition = cyun4 tung2
Translate = faan1 jik6
Use = jung6
Vast = gwong2 fut3
Wash = sai2
Wall = coeng4
Wait = dang2
Watch = wun2 biu1

Who = seoi4
What = sam6 mo1
When = ho4 si4
Where = naa5 leoi5
Why = wai6 sam6 mo1
How = do1 siu2

Amazing = ging1 kei4
Aching = tung3
Air Conditioning = laang5 hei3
Annoying = ho2 hei3
Beginning = san1
Banking = gam1 jung4
Boasting = paa3
Booing = hoe1 seng1
Bewitching = jiu2 jiu1
Captivating = jin1
Challenging = tiu1 zin3 sing3
Cunning = gaau2
Charming = fung1
Dazzling = jau5 seng1 jau5 sik1
Declining = teoi1
Disgusting = juk6 ma2
Disapproving = ce1
Daring = gam2
Darling = bou2 bui3
Dwelling = zaak6 zaak2
Depending = bat1 dang2
Embarrassing = sat1 lai5 sei2 jan4
Everything = si6 si6
Excluding = ceoi4 liu5
Energy saving = zit3 nang4
Flowing = biu1
Folding = zip3
Forgiving = daai6 loeng6
Feeling = gam2 gok3
Fencing = gik1 gim3
Funding = zi1 gam1
Frightening = hung1 ok3
Flourishing = coeng1 sing6
Glowing = wun6
Hardworking = nou5 lik6
Trying = gaan1
Terrifying = ho2 paa3
Interesting = jau5 ceoi3
Infuriating = fo2 gwan2
Irritating = jip3 jim1
Limping = bai1 bo2
Learning = zi1 sik1
Mourning = haau3
Matching = can3
Meeting = wui6 hap6
Nothing = mou5 je5
Nitpicking = gaan2 zaak6
Outstanding = coek3 jyut6
Obliging = ceoi1 wo4
Overbearing = baa3 dou6
Penetrating = pik1
Preceding = cin4 jat1
Painstaking = zing1 sam1
Parenting = juk6 ji4
Positioning = ding6 wai6
Raining = lok6 jyu5
Remaining = kit3
Regarding = gwaan1 jyu1
Refreshing = loeng4 faai3
Suffering = tung3 fu2
Swelling = jung2
Sickening = ok3
Spinning = syun4
Starving = gei1
Slanting = ce4 ce3
Supposing = tong2
Stifling = mun6
Snowing = lok6 syut3
Stuffing = haam6 ji4
Shocking = bat1 zoeng6 waa2
Sightseeing = jau4 laam5
Towering = cuk1
Thinking = si1 si3 soi1
Training = fan3
Thriving = mau6 sing6
Timing = si4 gei1
Yawning = daa2 ho1 him3
Yielding = jau4
Warning = siu2 sam1
Winding = jyun2
Warming up = jit6 san1

Chinese Studies = hon3 hok6
Chinese Language = zung1 man4 2
Chinese Person People = zung1 gwok3 jan4
China = zung1 gwok3
Chinese Character = hon3 zi6
Chinese Spoken Language = ww4 jyu5
Chinese Opera = daai6 hei3
Chinatown = tong4 jan4 gaai1
Chinese Food = zung1 caan1
Chinese Person = tong4 jan4
Chinese Culture = zung1 gwok3 man4 faa3
Chinese Traditional Medicine = cyun4 tung2 zung1 gwok3 ji1 joek6
Chinese And British = zung1 jing1
Chinese And Western Sino Western = zung1 sai1
Chinese Martial Arts Society = zung1 gwok3 mou5 seot6 hok6 wui2
China Hong Kong Taiwan = zung1 gong2 toi4

Art Of War Military Tactics And Stratergies = bing1 faat3
Sun Tzus The Art Of War = syun1 zi2 bing1 faat3
A Book On The Art Of War = bing1 syu1

Shaolin = siu3 lam4
Shaolin Temple = siu3 lam4 zi6
Shaolin Martial Arts = siu3 lam4 kyun4


Monastery For Monks = wo4 soeng6 zi6
Religious Kung Fu School = mun4 paai3
Che Kung Temple = ce1 gung1 miu6

Founder Of A School = zou2 si
Old Style School = bok1 bok1 zaai1
To Run A School = baan6 hok6
To Enrol In School = jap6 hok6
School Work Exercises = zaap6 tai4
School Spirit = haau6 fung1
Private School Held At Home = syu1 gun2
School Time Table = fo3 cing4 biu2
School Uniform = haau6 fuk6
To Pay Tuition Fees = gaau1 hok6 fai3
School Song = haau6 go1
To Miss Class = kyut3 fo3
Change School = zyub3 haau6
To Study = nim6 syu1
Exercise Practice = dyun3 lin6
School Rules = mun4 kwai1
School Of Thought = hook6 paa3
Does Not Apply Ones Mind To School Lessons = bat1 soeng5 sam1 nim6 syu1
An Unscrupulous School Only Interested In Making Money = gwaat3 lung4 zung1 hok6

Internal Martial Art Styles = noi6 gaa1 kyun4
External Martial Art Styles = ngoi3 gaa1 kyun4

Martial Art Club = mou5 gun2
To Practice Martial Arts = daa2 gung1 fu1
To Practice Traditional Martial Arts = jin2 mou5
Practice Or Train In Martial Arts = zaap6 mou5
Martial Art Skill = mou5 gei6
A Martial Artist = zaap6 mou5 zi1 jan4
Skilled Martial Artist = mou5 gung1 gou1 koeng4
A Great Master In Martial Arts = jat1 doi6 zung1 si1
To Have Studied martial Arts = sik6 gwo3 ye6 zuk1
An Intellectual And A Martial Artist = wan5 man4 wan5 mou5
Patriarch Of A Martial Art Sect, Leader = zoeng2 mun4 jan4

Think Of Yourself As Being Smart = zi6 zok3 cing1 ming4
Not Smart = ngau4 pei4 dang1 lung4
Quick Witted Smart = zyun2 sou3 faai3
Clever = zing1 lin1
Smart = ting5 paang5 dik1

Articulate = biu2 seot6
Learn By Heart = bui6 suk6
Set A Time Limit = hak1 haak1
Lost Knowledge = zyut6 hok6
Simple And Honest = wan4 hau5

Will To Fight = dau3 zi3
Challenge = lin2 lin5
One On One Fight = zek3 cau1
A Gang Fight = Kwan4 cau1
Win A Battle = daa2 sing3 zoeng
Pick A Fight = lau3 daa2
Fighting Contest = gong2 sau2
Get In To A Fist Fight = daai6 daa2 ceot1 sau2

Fight Feud = jik1
Fight Hard = ou1 ngou4
Fight Contest = dau3
Fight To Exchange Blows = daa2 gaau1
Fight A Battle All Alone = gu1 gwan1 zok3 zin3

To Fight = daa2 gaa3
To Fight For = zang1 ceoi2
To Fight Over = zang1 dyut6
To Fight With = deoi3 ham6
To Fight Bravely = fan5 zin3
To Fight Fiercely = gik1 zin3
To Fight Back = wui4 gik1
To Fight Hand To Hand = gaa1 sau2
To Fight Crime = mit6 zeoi6
To Fight In Boxing = daa2 kyun4
To Fight And Bite Each Other = dau3 ngaau5
To Fight For The Weak And Mistreated = lou6 gin3 bat1 ping4 bat6 dou1

To Start A Fight = dung6 sau2
To Lose A Fight = daa2 baai6 zoeng3
To Go To War = daa2 zoeng3
To Wage War = gaau1 zin3
To Compete For A Championship = jat1 kyut3 ci1 hung4
To Be Reckless In A Fight = jau5 cin4 mou5 hau6
To Be Eager For A Fight = mo1 kyun4 caat3 zoeng2
To Die And Fight For Ones Country = gyun1 keoi1 bou3 gwok3
To Win A Fight Due To An Unfair Advantage = sing3 zi1 bat1 mou5
To Make A Move = geoi2 dung6
To Shift To Transfer = zyun2 ji4
To Begin to Move = hoi1 hang4
To Hesitate About Which Move To Make = geoi2 kei4 bat1 ding6
To Walk Away From = zau2 ceot1
To Panic At The Slightist Move = fung1 sing1 hok6 leoi6
To Be Caught In A Trap Hit By Someone = zung3 ziu1
To Take A Wrong Step Miscalculate = kei4 caa1 jat1 zoek6
To Take A Reckless Move When In Danger = ting5 ji4 zau2 him2
To Not Find A Way Out = tai2 m4 hoi1
To Be Unable To Move = juk1 bat1 dak1 kei4
To Break Into A Run Escape = bat6 teoi2
To Beat Smash Throw = dam2
To Beat To Swing = fang4 fing6
To Be Expelled From A Martial Art School = zuk6 ceot1 si1 mun4
To Challenge = tek3 gun2
To Have A Fight With Knives = hoi1 pin3
To Attack = juk1 sau2
To Retreat = tan3 teoi3
To Feign An Opening = maai6 po3 zaan6
To Warm Up = nuyn5 san1

To Move = juk1
To Move In = tan3 jap6
To Move Out = tan3 ceot1
To Move Ones Feet Out The Way = suk1 goek3
To Move About = juk1 dun6
To Move Struggling = juk1 lai4 juk1 heoi3
To Move Randomly = lyun6 dung6
To Move In And Out Very Quickly = gwai2 ceot1 din6 jap6
To Move In A Circle = dau1 hyun1
To Move Far Away From = jyun5 lei4
To Move Around Outflank = baau1 caau1
To Move Remove = bun1 ji4
To Move In Cycles Repeating Cycles = Zau1 Ji4 Fuk6 ci1

Moving Unsteadily = pun4 saan1
Move In To = jap6 zyu6
Move Back Bow Out = teoi3
Wise Move Masterstroke = gou1 ziu1
Ultimate Attack Finishing Move = zyut6 ziu1
Strategic Physical Movements = ziu1 sau3
Always Moving = piu1 fat1
Don't Move = m4 hou2 juk1
One Stroke In One Move = jat1 geoi2
Step Move Measure = bou6 zau6

Martial Law = gwan1 faa3
Military Rule = gaai3 jim4 ling6
Military Order = gwan1 ling6

The Kung Fu Fever period during the 1970s = gung1 fu1 jit6

Martial Art Movies = mou5 daa3 plan4 = gung1 fu1 pin2

The Big Boss = tong4 saan1 daai6 hing1
Fist Of Fury = zing1 mou5 mun4
Enter The Dragon = lung4 zaang1 fu2 dau3
Game Of Death = sei2 mong4 jau4 hei3

Martial Art Movie Stars = daa2 sing1

Bruce Lee, Little Dragon = lei5 siu2 lung4
Jackie Chan = sing4 lung4
Jet Li = lei5 lin4 git6
Angela Mao = Ying maau4 jing1

Fighting Choreographer = mou5 seut6 zi2 dou6
Stage Name = ngai6 meng2

Jeet kune Do = zik6 kyun4 dou6
Taekwondo = toi4 kyun4 dou6
Judo = jau4 dou6
Boxing = daa2 kyun2
MMA = mou5 seot6
Jujitsu = jau4 seot6
Taijiquan = taai3 gik6 kyun4

"Borro-wing" and "Selecting" loan words, as in Cantonese (for example; ji6 lang5 = yelling) there are many from English, however "using" them for "Wing" Chun terminology purposes, in this area, sorry to say, that the "pickings" are slim to none existent.

"Combining" words from both English and Chinese is called Chinglish = zung1 gwok3 sik1 jing1 jyu5
not acceptable in the academic world of language; however "learning" and "speaking" English with a Hong Kong accent will help towards "refining" the finer points of using tones when "Communicating" in Cantonese.

"Bridging" a term often used in Wing Chun, now is the time to build and create another bridge from West to East that "being" with English and Cantonese.

"Having" three languages in Hong Kong is normal (tri lingual) with English and Mandarin being taught in school also "speaking" in the local "Cantonese" dialect.

"Visiting" Hong Kong "speaking" relying on English alone is not an issue to be understood by many Hong Kongers.

"Being" that Cantonese is (3000 years old) more ancient than Mandarin, "calling" Cantonese a dialect and not a language is highly controversial.

"Having" and "developing" a second language, is said to be "something" similar to "building" another spirit or having a second soul.

"Digging" for deeper "meanings" from "existing" "Wing" Chun terminology does require, time and patience similar to "excavating" an archaeological site.

"Probing" ever further "unravelling" "Wing" Chun's seemingly impossible and hidden secrets are to be found in "learning" the dialect/language of Cantonese.

"Stringing" English words in a sentence, in a monotone voice, then dropping down in tone to finish the sentence, is reasonable enough to explain how Hong Konger's speak English; as if to be avoiding the use of tones.

"Speaking" Cantonese to Express distress or anger, is simply achieved by using volume, talking louder.

"Singing" Melodious Sound, Rhyme, Charm = wan6 wan5
is another way to practice Cantonese, as it is after all a tonal language, that is possible, in expressing many emotions and feelings such as joy and sadness with melody.

"Using" tones are relative to sentences, as everyone has their unique way of talking with a high, low or deep voice, it is staying consistent throughout the sentence that matters most; as the first word sets the tone for the rest of the words in the sentence.

"Practising" with Cantonese tongue twisters, as "everything" will seem like this at the "beginning" is how to become confident in talking Cantonese.

"Finding" phrases that you are already confident with and reading them out loud, then to use Corresponding tone numbers with new phrases, is one way of many in "developing" further.

"Starting" with tone 1 words, then tone 2 words and so on, "developing" a knack for Cantonese.

"Getting" a reaction from native speakers is a lot of fun, usually a look of surprise at the Initial stage of saying something In Cantonese, "combining" what is being said with a Hong Kong accent, only adds to the occasion

This is part of a larger topic: The "ing" in Wing Chun Kung Fu
https://www.karateforums.com/post560078.html#560078

TBC
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